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MLA Citation Guide (8th Edition): DOIs and URLs

8th Edition

DOIs and URLs

If the Digital Object Identifier, (DOI)  is not listed, it might be found via a DOI locator.

If the DOI is longer than you prefer, try the doi and url shortner.


Basic rules and preferred link options for digital content:

If the source has a doi, use the doi.

If the source does not have a doi, use the permalink.

If the source has neither a doi or a permalink, use the url.

Example of doi and permalink from a database record.