The basics of MLA style in-text citations
MLA in-text citations must be used when:
- Quoting directly from the source.
- Summarizing content from the source.
- Paraphrasing content or sentences from the source.
If it is not your original thought, you MUST cite it.
Examples of MLA style in-text citations for summarizing and paraphrasing:
One work, one author:
- MLA style uses the author-page format of in-text citation (Smith 54).
When the same source is used a subsequent time in the same paragraph, use only the page number.
- MLA requires that references are listed alphabetically on the Works Cited page (110).
When the authors' name is in the narrative, use this format:
- Smith states that MLA requires that references are listed alphabetically on the reference page (54).
One work, multiple authors:
- In parenthetical citations use the word "and" in the in-text citation with more than one author (Hacker and Sommers 460).
- Hacker and Sommers state that if no page number is available such as in a website then it is acceptable to not provide it (460).
If you have additional questions, please refer to the MLA Style Manuals or the following sources:
Purdue Owl In-Text Citations: The Basics
University of Maryland University College - MLA Examples