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Citation Guide (APA, MLA and More): Citations (APA 7th)

6th Edition APA, 7th Edition APA, 8th Edition MLA

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APA (7th) Citation Formats and Examples

American Psychological Association. Introducing the 7th ed. APA style publication. [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/jOVZp8m0PCM

American Psychological Association. What's new in APA style: Introducing the seventh edition. [Video].YouTube. 

     https://youtu.be/jOVZp8m0PCM

 

The parts of your citation must be put in a certain order based on the "style" of citation you are using. 

Basic Author format:  

One author: Author''s last name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  

Two authors: Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial. & Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial.

Up to twenty authors: List all authors in above format.

Twenty-one or more authors: List nineteen authors, then ... and last author.

Editor instead of an author? 

APA Book & eBook

APA Format

Author's last name, First Initial. (Year).Title of book. Publisher. DOI or

     URL  [If the source is an electronic format]

APA Book Example

Evans, J. (2007). Your psychology report: The essential guide. Sage.

APA eBook Example

Without a Doi

(If from a research database).

Broussard, M. S. (2017). Reading, research, and writing. Association of

     College and Research Libraries. 

Chapter from a Book Format

Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In 

     Editor's First Initial & Middle Initial. Editor's Last Name (Eds.), Title of

     Book in italics (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher. DOI or URL

     [If the source is an electronic format and has a DOI, use the DOI.

     If no DOI use the URL or if from a research database, do not use the

     URL]

     

Chapter from a Book Example

Bryant, A. &  Charmaz, K. (2012). Grounded theory and psychological 

     research. In H. Cooper, P. M. Carmic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D.

     Rindskopf, &  K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA Handbook of Research

     Methods in Psychology (pp.39-56). American Psychological

     Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/13620-003

More Information Additional Examples from APA

The parts of your citation must be put in a certain order based on the "style" of citation you are using. 

Basic Author format:  

One author: Author''s last name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  

Two authors: Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial. & Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial.

Up to twenty authors: List all authors in above format.

Twenty-one or more authors: List nineteen authors, then ... and last author.

APA Journal Article
APA Journal Format

Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of

     article. Journal name,Vol(Issue)page range.

     https://doi.org/[numbers/letters in doi

APA Journal Example

Burman, J. T. (2018). Through the looking-glass: PsycINFO as an historical 

    archive of trends in psychology. History of Psychology, 21(4), 302-333.

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hop0000082

More Examples Additional Examples from APA

Basic Author format:  

One author: Author''s last name, First Initial. Middle Initial.  

Two authors: Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial. & Author's last name, First Initial. Middle Initial.

Up to twenty authors: List all authors in above format.

Twenty-one or more authors: List nineteen authors, then ... and last author.

The parts of your citation must be put in a certain order based on the "style" of citation you are using. 

The parts of your citation must be put in a certain order based on the "style" of citation you are using. 

APA  Newspaper Article 

APA Format

(Online Article)

Author's last name, First Initial, Middle Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title

     of article with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized. 

     Name of Newspaper. Page number. https://doi.org/ or url of

     specific newspaper article. No url if from a research database.

 

APA Example

(Online Article From a Newspaper Webpage)

Selingo, J. (2004, February 05). When a search engine isn't enough,

     call a librarian. New York Times, G.5. https://www.nytimes.com

     /2004/02/05/technology/when-a-search-engine- isn-t-enough-call-a-

     librarian.html

 

APA Example

(Online Article From a Research Database)

Selingo, J. (2004, February 05). When a search engine isn't enough, 

     call a librarian. New York Times, G.5.

More Information Additional examples from APA.

The parts of your citation must be put in a certain order based on the "style" of citation you are using. 

APA

 

Films /Movies

APA Format

Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of film. [Film].

     Production Company.

APA Example

Fleischer, R. (Director). (2003). 20,000 leagues

     under the sea (Special ed.) [Film]. Buena Vista Home Entertainment.

APA YouTube Videos 
APA Format

Author, A. A. [Name of the account that uploaded the video]. (Year, Month, Day).Title

     of video [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/[numbers and letters from the url]

APA Example

Sager, C. (2016, June, 09). Print's not dead for comic books [Video]. YouTube.

     https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqbGVAj6MBA

  PowerPoint Slides
APA Format

Author, A. A. (year). Title of presentation [Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides]. Name 

     of learning management system if available. URL or URL  for the learning

     management system login.https://[numbers and letters from the url]           

 

APA Example

(Website)

Palmer, R. (2019). GALILEO: STEM, e-books, and professional development  

     resources [PowerPoint slide]. https://about.galileo.usg.edu/documents/

APA Example

(D2L or

Class Site)

Jones, L. (2018). Searching library databases [PowerPoint slide] D2L

     https://D2L@loginsomeuniversity

More Information Additional Examples from APA

 

The parts of your citation must be put in a certain order based on the "style" of citation you are using. 

  Article from a Webpage

APA Website Format

 

 

Author's Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month, Day). Title. Name of  website.

     [Only use Retrieved date if the page is likely to change or be removed]

     https://www.xxxxxxx.full.url

APA Example 

(No author, no date)

(With a retrieved date)

Use a retrieved date if page is

likely to change or unlikely to be 

available in the future.

​Panama City Beach: The 19 best events to experience in 2019.(n.d.). Every

     Avenue Travel. Retrieved February 20, 2019 from

     https://everyavenuetravel.com/destinations/panama-city-

     beach-the-19-best-events-to-experience-in-2019/

APA Example

(No author, no date)

(No retrieved date)

Getting a good nights' sleep.(n.d.). American Psychological 

     Association. https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sleep-disorders

More Information Additional Examples from APA

 

Occasionally, sources are missing information required by the basic citation format. Guidelines for citing sources in these situations follow set rules.