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Citation Guide (APA, MLA and More): APA In-Text

6th Edition APA, 7th Edition APA, 8th Edition MLA

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APA In-Text

The basics of APA style in-text citations

APA in-text citations must be used when:

  • Quoting directly from the source.
  • Summarizing content from the source.
  • Paraphrasing content or sentences from the source.

If it is not your original thought, you MUST cite it.

Examples of APA style in-text citations for summarizing and paraphrasing: 

One work, one author:

  • APA style uses the author-date format of in-text citation (Smith, 2010).

When the authors' names are in the narrative, use this format:

  • Smith (2010) states that APA requires that references are listed alphabetically on the reference page.

 

One work, multiple authors:

If a work has two authors, use an ampersand (&) between the two last names.

  • Writing in APA style takes practice (Jones & Smith, 2007).

When the authors names are in your narrative, use the word and between the authors' last names.

  • Jones and Smith (2007) found...

 

If a work has three, four or five authors, cite all authors the first time; in all citations following, include the last name of the first author, followed by et al.

  • Citing in APA Style takes patience but you can do it (Jones, Smith, Doe, Green, 2007). [first time]
  • Citing in APA Style takes patience but you can do it (Jones et al., 2007). [second time]

In the narrative, use this format:

  • Jones et al. (2007) also stated that in addition to patience, citing in APA Style takes attention to detail. 

 

If a work has six or more authors, list the first surname followed by et al. 

  • Writing a well organized college paper takes time and diligence.(Jones et al. 2007)

‚ÄčIn the narrative, use this format:

  • Jones et al. (2007) teaches that writing a well organized college paper takes time and diligence. 

 

If you have additional questions, please refer to the APA style manuals or the following sources:

Purdue Owl In-Text Citations: The Basics 

University of Maryland Global Campus - APA Examples