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Citation Guide (APA, MLA and More): DOIs, URLs, and More (APA 6th and MLA 8th)

6th Edition APA, 7th Edition APA, 8th Edition MLA

Writing Center @ AEC

AEC Writing Center

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Trained professional and peer tutors provide one-on-one or group tutoring sessions:

  • Answering your writing and citation questions
  • Providing feedback on your drafts
  • Showing you strategies for brainstorming, organizing, drafting and revising

Tips, DOIs, URLs and More (APA 6th and MLA 8th)

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AEC (Academic Enhancement Center) of GGC Formatting Tips:

  • Always double space citations.
  • Always indent the second and forthcoming lines of the citation 0.5 in. This is called a "hanging indent".
  • If there is no information for a section of the citation, then move to the next section.
  • The AEC of GGC recommends the following:
    • 12 pt font
    • Times New Roman
    • Double space paper text and citations
  • A general rule in APA: if the citation ends with a word, use a period to end the citation. If it ends with a URL or doi do not use a period.

If the Digital Object Identifier, (DOI)  is not listed, it might be found via a DOI locator.

If the DOI is longer than you prefer, try the  DOI and URL shortner.

Basic rules and preferred link options for digital content:

  • If the source has a DOI, use the DOI.
  • If the source does not have a DOI or a permalink, use the journal homepage URL with Retrieved from http://xxxx

Example of DOI and permalink from a database record.

 

DOI Brochure 

     
     

 

  • MLA Style Quick Look
  • Citation Style Chart (Purdue Owl) The Citation Style Chart "contains a PDF with a side-by-side comparison of APA, MLA, and CMS styles. To find a specific example of a citation, use the search function (Command + F for Mac, Control + F for PC) and type in the type of example you need, e.g., "Book," "Three or More Authors," "Journal Article," etc." Chart created by Justin King Rademaekers. Subsequent edits by Priya Sirohi, Brittany Biesiada, Vanessa Iacocca, and others.
Name  Information about the Guide
APA Style Guide A companion to the electronic APA guide and the APA manual, the style guide is a useful tool to both the student and professional.Produced by the American Psychological Association.
MLA Style Guide A companion to the  MLA Handbook, the style guide is a useful tool to both the student and professional.Produced by the Modern Language Association.

Purdue OWL 

Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) is a resource for writing and research. OWL has comprehensive guides for the following citation styles: APAMLAChicago and AMA.

UMGC Citing Guide

 

University of Maryland Global Campus Citing Guide.
ACS Style Guide

University of Wisconsin (UW) ACS Style Guide provides a brief overview of in-text citation and reference formatting examples in ACS Style.

CASSI 

Chemical Abstracts Service Sources Index (CASSI) Search Tool is an online resource intended to support researchers and librarians who need accurate bibliographic information. Use this complimentary tool to quickly identify or confirm journal titles and abbreviations for publications indexed by CAS since 1907, including serial and non-serial scientific and technical publications (CASSI, 2019).

CC: APA Citation Guide Columbia College Library's concise guide to APA citation style.
CC: MLA Citation Guide Columbia College Library's concise guide to MLA citation style