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Citation Guide (APA, MLA and More): Chicago & Turabian Styles

MLA 8th and APA 7th

Chicago and Turabian Styles

hicago is the name of the style often used for published papers. Turabian is the student version of the Chicago Style.


The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice (CMOS, 2019).

Turabian Turabian style is the student version of Chicago style. It is generally used for formatting non-published papers. Note the Turabian style Tip Sheets (Turabian, 2019).